You can now follow SunInfo ona
Why not Join our Mail List?
We don't send out many mailshots
SunInfo but they can be a useful reminder for a number of
interesting Sundial matters. New EU regulations mean that unless
you have explicitly given us permission to receive mailings from us,
future newsletters will not be sent to you. By sending us an email
(it doesn't even need a subject or any content!) you will give us us
your permission and we shall include your email address on our mailing
list from now on.
Make sure to email
Tallman's Artisan Sundials
page is well worth a look.
are specially designed and constructed to provide accuracy as well as a
genuine sense of presence in time and space. They are authentic scientific
instruments that are carefully constructed and capable of telling very
There's more here
"Have you ever purchased a delightful
sun dial for your
but found it does not work? No problem". That is the encouraging beginning
of an excellent article in PDF format that discusses how to take a
store bought dial and then adjust it so it will work for you. Entitled
"REVERSE ENGINEERING STORE-BOUGHT GENERIC DIALS" It is just one
extract from the fascinating book "ILLUSTRATING TIME'S SHADOW" by Simon
Wheaton-Smith whose website
(already mentioned elsewhere on this page) is an incredible resource for
High-level Climate Conference in Porto,
7-8 September 2018
the successful London climate conference of 2016, Professor Nils-Axel Mörner
and Pamela Matlack-Klein are organizing a high-level conference on The
basic science of a changing climate at the Facultate de Letras
(Humanities Faculty) in the University of Porto, Portugal, for two
action-packed days – Friday 7 September and Saturday 8 September 2018.
MARKING TIME; A JOINT EXHIBITION
BY TIM CHALK AND SASKIA
“Marking Time” is an exploration of the passage of time through
artworks, some overtly measuring time, others expressing different
experiences of it through the medium of sculpture, drawing and
Mark your diary for 'Marking Time' - NOW!
In the meantime click on the image here to look at Tim Chalk's website
21ST - 29TH SEPTEMBER 2018; At the DUNDAS STREET GALLERY, 6
Dundas Street, EDINBURGH EH3 6HZ.
Interesting News, Articles
A visit to Windsor..
In 1998 Jane Walker and her husband Peter
an interesting booklet that led them to a viewing of the Queen's Dial in
Windsor Castle. The dial stands on the North Terrace with the Queen's
private garden to one side and a splendid view over the town of Windsor to
the playing fields of Eton on the other. The gnomon is beautifully engraved
and carries the King's monogram CR intertwinedso that the initials can be
read from either side. Read all about
Peter Daykin's Derbyshire Sundials Page
is well worth a visit
not least because it includes such examples as a cross dial and of
course the famous Eyam Dial. The website includes details of
many Derbyshire dials and even includes three sundial calculators. On
almost every page there is a description of the location as well as of
the dial. A delight to peruse.
get to this excellent page
issues a new Trustee Welcome Pack
The Charity Commission has issued a
pack to welcome new trustees. They send it out to new trustees. Might be
worth making this a part of your induction pack as there could be a
delay advising the Commission of new trustees.
Read it here
in browsing our library or our archives? Our extensive
library of Dialling
Documents and related material is
HERE. It is regularly added to.
earlier stories and
News Items up to 2017
from 2018 onwards
.In both archives entries are stored 'earliest-deleted' at the top,
'most-recently' deleted at the bottom. We hope you enjoy them.
06.08.15, 13.10.17, 06.03.18, 06.06.18
Equation of Time figures for 2018, with a one page
the image to be taken to our EoT page! where you can check the value of
Noon GMT on any date in 2018 (or even some earlier years) and can even print all
the year's data on
one A4 sheet too. There's more there describing how to correct a
sundial's solar time reading to GMT/BST and even a way to buy a little card
that allows you to do this when out and about anywhere in the UK or
Some Complications of Dial
Refurbishment as considered
to the restoration of the Queens' College dial in 2006/7. This is an
interesting document which is well worth a read by those facing similar
problems! Includes the oldest known photograph of the dial and
consideration of the several issues that remained after the previous
repainting in 1971.
To read the document click here:
The Queens' Dial
Somerville's Interesting Letter of 1986 concerning
the Queens' College Sundial in Cambridge was published in the BSS
Bulletin in 1997 and those with an interest in dialling might like to
read it again. One matter concerned the marking of the dial with the
and whether or not there was an error in the dial's markings. Andrew was
of course the first Chairman of the Society and this correspondence was
dated 1986 only a few years after the Society's formation.
Read the correspondence here
The John Churchill Collection! SunInfo
is delighted to be able to present a collection of just some of the
photographs of dials that former BSS Trustee John Churchill and his wife
took during his lifetime. They represent an eclectic selection of
his interests and as well of course, a valuable and lasting record of the
condition of the dials up to the time of the millennium.
Click to be taken to the John Churchill page.
***More images by John C hurchill
14.08.15, 14.03.17, 02.04.17
The Dial of William Hughes of Bryngola.
In what can only be
as a tour de force of investigation, John Davis recently studied a dial
dated 1775 which was made for William Hughes of Bryngola in
Llangwyllog, a small village and ancient parish in the
centre of Anglesey, Wales. The church of St Cwyllog (illustrated) still
bears memorials to the family to this day. John deduces that the
elaborately engraved dial may have been made for Hughes by one of the
Owen dynasty of clockmakers perhaps using components from the
clockmaking area around Prescot in Lancashire. A fascinating BSS
article which may be read at John's website at this link
Dial of William Hughes.
Great Circle was thought to be back!!
Those diallists who liked to rely
Great Circle Studio's solar data calculator to obtain or print
off a table of solar parameters at any time interval have recently been
troubled by its apparent absence. Then it was thought to be found at
Great Circle Studio
Solar Data . However, it does not 'work', the server side links are
not made. But, after contact, the website owner claimed to be 'on the case'.
In the meantime you could try MIDC SPA
Calculator (max intervals of one hour) or
The Sundials at New College
Oxford. In an interesting
Harriet James describes the dials that have existed at New College
Oxford - the college that was 'new' in 1379 - and gives an interesting
insight to her replacement of one that was on the Muniment Tower in
Read the text of Harriet James' BSS Article in 2000 to know
more about the Sundials of New College past and present.
BSS Member Ian Maddocks
has really started something by finding a whole load more
that are apparently currently unknown to BSS! In two messages to the
International Sundial Mail List he announces his discovery that Twitter®
contain many mentions of UK dials that are not recorded in the most
recently published BSS Register of Dials - though of course some
may be held on file by the Society's Registrar ready to be published
next time. Whatever, this is excellent news for all those
interested in dialling. Not only that but Ian has combined a list of
these on his Google drive. They may be viewed
There is also a 'map' of their locations
Now with Graham Stapleton's help he has added even to this amazing number and with pics
President Christopher Daniel's web site has now been seen
since it was set up only a little time back. The site contains
images of all of Christopher's dials and images of other related matters taken
during his long and varied career.
To see this wonderful collection of several hundred images just follow
of course you can always simply Google "Christopher Daniel Collection".
even see his pictures as a
04.07.15, 17.08.16, 21.12.16, 08.03.18
Courtesy of Ian Maddocks and the Objectivity
channel we are able to see a short video clip which, after half way,
shows one of the stone dials scratched by Isaac Newton into the walls of
his home. Click on the image for a larger picture,
Here to see the video and
Here to see the record
document of items like this from Newton's home.
The Mass Dials of Gloucestershire.
Tony Wood, in a reprint from
Gloucestershire History No. 21 (2007) pages 16-22, describes the many
mass dials of Gloucestershire. Mass dials, or scratch dials, are
mediaeval sundials found on churches. Chronologically they appear after
Saxon dials (c650 — c1050) and before the present day's ‘scientific’
which have a sloping gnomon, which appeared in the 16th century
but which only came to some rural areas in the mid 17th century.
Tony's article here
increasing importance of European Mass Dials
interest in mass dials in continental Europe is evidenced by a flow of
reports and photographs. BSS of course has quite enough to do without
compiling registers of overseas dials but the reports are filed and
available for comparison with dial types and locations recorded in
Here Tony Wood reflects on the
similarities and origins of mass dials in the British Isles and Europe.
Astrolabes, Cross Staffs and Dials.
Way back in
Peter Ransom, later to be elected President of the Mathematical
Association, published a fascinating article extolling the use of
old scientific instruments when teaching geometry in schools. His
article makes wonderful reading and gives the background to (and the use
of) the Cross Staff, a Horizontal Sundial and even a quadrant.
here for a link to this article. NB
Free registration to MyJStor allows free on line reading of
this article. A small charge is required to download and keep the whole article.
Mystery of a Missing Dial.
Way back in September 1992 super-sleuth John Ingram
this unusual and it is believed, unique, dial where steps on a triangular
block were used to tell the time. When he returned in 2004 to
York Rd on the South Bank in London to record it for the BSS Register, it was missing! Enquiries of the Council
were all to no avail. Was it stolen or was it lost in the then
recent Jubilee Line Tube works? Click on the image for a wider view.
The telegraph pole in the middle right of the larger image is said to
mark the place where the Festival of Britain Skylon stood in 1951.
Anybody able to tell us more about it, its designer and who made it?
Replies to the Webmaster
please. Photo courtesy of J Ingram.
SunInfo's Archive Page.
This, our main page, gets larger and larger as
time goes by and of course the page would get slower to load. However, many of the stories, comments and information in it are
still of interest even though they may not be recent. Accordingly
we have archived most of the older entries so that
little or nothing is permanently lost. Our
Archive Page 1
Archive Page 2
are available!! Have a browse
of them for yourself.
04.05.15, 15.07.17, 06.05.18
SunInfo opens a New Page!
- listing the HUGE bibliography of BSS
Christopher St JH Daniel MBE. Listed
here are his published
articles, the full list of his many contributions to Clocks Magazine
and even a summary of the sales of his extraordinarily popular
Shire Publications book 'Sundials'. We are delighted to be
able to provide as an academic resource the incredible output of the
UK's foremost Diallist.
Have a look at Illustrating Shadows.
The website of Simon Wheaton-Smith is an excellent dialling resource
with lots of downloads, presentations, dial designs etc. Most free and
all well worth a look. You can access it
|The Sundial Removed? Here
Harriet James tells the story of the 'Simmons Bequest' that threw up the
idea that the huge dial in All Souls College Oxford might be returned to
its earlier place in the College. The early history of the dial is here,
Christopher Wren and William Oughtred both make an appearance and all is followed
by the final decision by the College. Read the
Bulletin article dated 2006 for yourself here
Sundials to see. A
new venture for SunInfo. Here is a changing
of dials that are worth visiting.
This time it is the Millennium Dial in Greenwich Park
in London. It was designed by BSS President Chris Daniel.
Click on the picture for a larger image
BSS 2016 Accounts finally available.
Owing to what is
presumed to have
been an administrative problem at the Charity Commission, anyone wishing
to see the 2016 accounts for the
British Sundial Society had not been able to
view them on the Commission's website - only the Trustees' Report was
initially available. Both may be now viewed at the link above
(courtesy of the CC) or at the
Commission's website. The latest accounts show a welcome profit after
the earlier years of worrying losses.
little card to carry with you to help you check a sundial's
displayed time against your watch at ANY Longitude or Latitude in the British Isles? Hurry if you want one of the few remaining printed
Click the picture for more details!
Why not get The Recorder's Reference?
It provides anyone interested in dialling with a way to estimate by how
much a non-direct-south vertical dial declines and also finds the design
latitude for any horizontal dial.
Click the picture for more details!
Hans Holbein the
Younger's 1533 painting of The
Ambassadors is available to view at the National Gallery in London.
However it is also available on Google's Art Project and at astonishing
resolution too - probably better than even if you were looking at the
original! It shows all sorts of early dialling instruments as well
Can you identify the instruments? Check it out
discussing the instruments can be read for free on line
Check out Three New Additions
made to SunInfo's Historical Document Archive. They are
Bibliography of BSS President Christopher Daniel's written works,
including sales figures for his Shire Publications Book 'Sundials', details of all seventeen of his
Restoration Projects undertaken up to 2010 and a list of all his
Yvon Massé's program Calcad
has been updated. Calcad is an
easy way to
draw sundials without knowing declination, inclination or even the
geographical coordinates!... The Freeware program runs on Windows,
GNU/Linux and Mac OS X. Download it
The instruction manual can be perused
Image used with permission. 07.10.14
Lost Dials of the UK.
A new feature has been instituted here on SunInfo to
present some examples of interesting but now lost UK sundials, starting
with the one at the Mansion at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire. Check
of a TRIPLE Horizontal dial for California by John Davis, more information and details of how it was etched
The Holes and History of the Beccles
Church Dial - an anniversary!
was ten years ago in 2005 that the mystery of the holes that are pierced
in the remains of the vertical dial on Beccles Church in Suffolk was unravelled. The
BSS Registrar at that time was Patrick Powers and in an earlier article in
the BSS Bulletin he had posed the question. Quick as a flash, two eminent
BSS diallists explained it all. A second article in the BSS Bulletin was
clearly necessary! Read
that article here to find out the answer and to
have a chuckle at Roger Bowling's succinct summing up!
Here are two dials that seem to be
They are both in Germany. The first is in Dörnthal, Sachsen
and the second in Nuremberg.
How many more do
A NEW Sundial Data Resource
Kevin Karney. Available
the page provides a wide variety of data for those interested in sundials and
solar parameters. The latest addition is to provide a high
precision calculator for the Equation of Time and the sun's position.
However the page also contains links to dial designs of his own and to
animations of dial shadows. Well worth a look!
Did you know? An
astonishing number of pictures
sundials and their pedestals can be found by searching Google®. Try
here for one amazing collection. Here you can see
both sides of a rare Melvin dial, a few other very old dials, some
heliochronometers, modern dials and of course some non-working 'garden
centre' dials as well. Well worth a look.
Want to know something about
Sundials in the
hemisphere? Then there's no better introduction than the web site of the
Australia, owned and run by physicists and BSS Members,
Margaret Folkard and John Ward.
Sundials of New Zealand.
Rosaleen Robertson runs the Sundial Association of New Zealand and
also operates a Sundials Blog, (sundials-rosaleen.blogspot.com)
which shows some of the sundials and sundial Trails in New Zealand. Worth
a look. A list of web addresses relating to the NZ Sundial Association is
Want to know more about
sundials? Then there is no better place to learn about all aspects of
the topic than from Wikipedia! Click
to see this important article.
Then and Now...
page has been started here on SunInfo to show some of our sundials as they were long ago and as they are now. The
is the unusual dial at Warwick Castle - a dial which on the face of it
looks unfinished to our eyes because it has no numerals. Yet a 1912
drawing of it shows that it possibly never had! The second in
this series concerns the famous Countess's Pillar, the third concerns a
moved dial in Rye and
the fourth the Pilkington & Gibbs dial at
Thornton Manor. Have a look
to see for yourself and keep coming back to see what other dials have been
added as we explore more of these interesting sundials of the UK.
07.11.13, 13.11.13, 24.12.13
The James River Studio
website includes a section on
and more particularly includes some excellent sundial design software
which is easy to use and understand.
It can be downloaded to your computer or run from the website, it covers
the usual horizontal/vertical options but also includes analemmatic,
bifilar and cylindrical all with easy to understand notes and even (if
you want them) the formulae too. Have a look
Sundials of Norway. There are not very many known sundials
in Norway but those that do exist are well worth looking at. Click
|Sun Spot Pointers.
►Sun Spot Pointers is a
sundial related Blog operated by Perry Millward. Glance through
this for interesting new information about Sundials of the World.
The Sundials of Country Life Magazine.
Why not take a tour from your
armchair of all six pages (well, five and
a bit!) of the sundial
photographs that are in the Picture Library of Country Life? Some may
not even be in the BSS Register! The Elihu Yale dial of Glemham
Hall is there in 1910 though! Have a look
An On-line Sundial Register.
Website is that operated by Dennis Cowan of Fife.
As well as giving an excellent introduction to the sundials of Scotland,
the site includes a 92 page
Sundial Register of dials known to him, (not just those in Scotland),
five sundial trails, several safaris and seven articles about dials and
dialling. A really excellent site. Image used with
Groups and Websites of the World.
for a list of many Sundial related sites, their web addresses, when they
were founded and their popularity.
Make your own paper sundial.
Fabio Savian's collection of 13 amazing designs for paper
sundials are now available to all. He has designed several but others
like Valentin Hristove and the North American Sundial Society have
also contributed designs to this excellent Sundial Atlas project. Just
have a look
►here ! There's even a design for a solar compass.
Or you can go back to
this 2004 BBC page for Norfolk Children. It too tells
how to make a paper sundial. It will work for most of England though
you will need to correct the reading a little if you want to measure
Francis Barker's Instructions for Setting
a Dial. Francis Barker of Clerkenwell was an
important dial maker at the start of the 20th Century. In 1914 he
contributed a chapter about setting up a dial to Geoffrey Henslow's
Book: 'Ye Sundial Booke', 1914. This chapter makes
Edward R Martin's Mass Dial Database
compiled by him over many years using an early computer and
specialist software written by his son. In fact all the data was at one time thought
to be lost following a computer failure not long before Edward died. In
2002 the factual detail of the database - though sadly not his novel
customised dial diagrams - were eventually recovered for him in 2002 by Patrick
Powers but, after his death, amazingly were again mislaid until now. This database
of some 1000 mass dials includes some details that are not
now recorded even in the BSS Mass Dial Register. A guide to Edward's
novel codes for
the locations of the dials on the church is included.
The recovered file (in PDF format) may be viewed
NB An Excel version (3.3MB) may be obtained upon
application to the webmaster.
|A Day out with Edward
Martin and Mass Dials. A rare record of a day which
CLIVE FEWINS of the Independent spent with the late Edward
Martin. It was on Saturday 20 July 1996, when they looked at the
marvellous mass dials on St Peter's Church in Hanwell near Banbury.
HERE to read it.
Spot dials from your Armchair! Courtesy of Google Street View® have a look
at some dials that can be seen on it. Keep coming to look at
what's new! Just click on this link.
Over twenty now recorded. One of the dials to be added is
BSS Trustee David Brown's Olympic sundial. St Botolph's
Church double dial in Cambridge is another.
When next in Northern Ireland
why not visit the sundials of Carnfunnock Country Park's Time Garden
on the coast road near Larne, Co Antrim, NI. See what's there
10 Reasons to revisit a Registered Dial.
Many BSS Members send in reports of dials to the Registrar for inclusion
in the National Register. Although at first glance it might not seem to
be necessary to revisit an already recorded dial, this is not the case
since repeated visits over time provide a record of a dial's changing
condition and also can provide more information about the dial than
might have been noticed earlier. In October 2007, BSS Member
John Ingram sent in his amusing and rather 'tongue in cheek' list of
ten reasons for revisiting a dial. Read them
In yet another strange decision
the BSS Council announced that it was (astonishingly) consulting members over the possible abandonment of its Grants Policy.
It was indeed later abandoned. Some
say this was an action made before finding out why the policy was as it
The Official Opening
of the Brighton Emmaus Community analemmatic
conducted by Dr. Robert Smith (University of Sussex) on Saturday, June
29th 2013 at the Emmaus Open Day by uncovering the midday-stone at
1 p.m. Sir Patrick Moore recorded the following instruction last
September to be played at the opening ceremony. “Congratulations, Here
we go! Uncover the Midday Stone.” See more
'Induce Animum Sapientem'.
There is an interesting sundial web site which is operated by dial makers
Peter and Yvonne Daykin.
It is devoted to the sundials of Derbyshire and is well worth a
look. Their Home Page is
here. More than
twenty five dials are shown, some modern and some old. The famous
Eyam dial is there too! Its motto is the one opening this paragraph.
It means (roughly!) "Cultivate an Enquiring Mind", something that could be the
motto of this webpage.
The Sundial at All Saints'
now been restored. Installation took place during Saturday 25th May
2013 and the sun actually shone for the occasion! A picture* of it complete,
but just before installation is
As well as the ordinary problems associated with any dial restoration this
one had a few more! Some initial information can be seen
BSS Members an article about the restoration is in the June 2014 edition of
the BSS Bulletin. Alternatively, a copy of the same article may
be read by everyone
*Perspective slightly adjusted in view of the difficulty of photographing
such a large object indoors!
10.01.13, 06.02.13, 09.05.13, 29.05.13, 17.06.14
Want to learn a bit about sundials? Here are a few
slides that have been taken from a presentation given recently to a UK
Probus Group. (2MB PDF download)
Click on the title:
"But it's Wrong!"
THE FAVERSHAM DIAL
Christopher Daniel's latest sundial commission,
a Noon mark on Faversham's Guildhall in the Market Place,
was formally inaugurated by the Mayor at a ceremony at 12:45 BST on
Wednesday 3rd April 2013. It was followed by a viewing of an
exhibition at the Upper Gallery of
Gallery Studios, 1 Abbey Street, Faversham of Christopher's extensive
sundial works entitled
Time'. After the opening Christopher remarked to the local
press that it was quite an honour for the town council to give him
permission to paint a sundial on the Guildhall as, after all, it is a
listed building. He wanted it to be something special to mark the
Queen's Diamond Jubilee. The dial was painted by Simon Scamp, a
local sign-writer and it was funded by local brewers Shepherd Neame as
well as by a number of anonymous donors. See it installed
(Courtesy of This is Kent) in
here. Some background to the construction of this dial may be
See Christopher Daniel's own article about the dial
NOW See some
images of the actual dial in situ at our SunInfo Photogallery
facts about BSS. Here
are details of the Society, the members of its Council and its erratic
management, its appointed and excellent Specialists, how to access its website
and its Facebook page, how (and why!) to join the Society, how to send
payments to BSS via credit card or PayPal and many recent annual accounts.
In fact more or less everything you need to know about BSS is here - warts and
all! There's even help for BSS Members who may like to understand the background
to some of the worrying oddities in today's management of the society.
A Disquieting Anniversary] [A
[Now the Disquieting Book
Interested to have access to more information about the
operation of BSS? Then why not go to our private BSS
Members page. [Password access available upon prior registration
Charity Commission confirms Donors'
Rights. In February 2017 and as a part of a public
response, the Charity
Commission of England and Wales issued a concise summary of the duties
of charities in respect of their activities and, more importantly
their accountability to donors, beneficiaries and indeed the public.
The short summary says:
It is important that the financial activities of
charities are properly recorded and their financial governance is
transparent. Charities are accountable to their donors,
beneficiaries and the public.
Donors to charity are entitled to have confidence that their money
is going to legitimate causes and reaches the places that it is
intended to. This is key to ensuring public trust and confidence in
SunInfo much welcomes this important
statement and all the policies that now lie behind it behind it, not
least those in respect of the operation of the BSS Library which -
after suggestions that it should even be closed - has only recently
been subjected to significant concerns as to its long term viability.
Want to see summaries, photographs, programmes and delegate reviews of
previous BSS conferences or the plans for the next one?
- Sundial trail information here
- Information here
- (Authors, papers, Issues and other details)
(Authors, papers, Issues and other details)
Greenwich (2014) (Authors, papers, other
Edinburgh (2013) (Authors & Papers),
Cheltenham (2012) (Full summary)
Wyboston (2011) (Full summary)
Exeter (2010) (Full summary & Video)
20.04.12, 16,01,13, 02.03.13, 27.04.14, 01.08.17, 22,04.18
The Dial at Boughton House
In the lovely rose garden of Boughton House can be seen
Henry Wynne sundial. Displaying a 32pt compass, the times of noon at
twelve cities and all set in a 'secured' dial plate of some 425mm diam
which is mounted on an octagonal plinth. The cities are marked as
Mexico, Charlestown, New York, Barbados, Tenerife, Dublin, Paris, Rome,
Jerusalem, Babylon, Surrat and Bantom. The dial shows 4am to 8pm with
its numerals read from 'inside' the dial.
Enjoy these images of it:
VL Thomson, 2018
The Hugget Heliochronometers
Brian Huggett and his wife enjoy visiting gardens, in
to gain inspiration for their own. Such outings in the summer of 2016
led him to consider installing a sundial in their garden. Knowing little
about sundials, he inspected those they encountered and was dismayed to
discover that none agreed with his watch. Even those that claimed to
reflect clock time required additional consultation of a table or graph.
‘What we need,’ he said to his wife, ‘is a sundial from which clock time
can easily be read by anyone.’
‘Why don’t you make one?’ she replied. See the consequences of this
suggestion here in two excellent articles.
Charles Darwin's Sundial
at Down House is still to be seen at the head of the garden.
It is to be found near
the verandah although currently and sadly, it is not quite correctly set
up. It is a commendably simple but accurately delineated, dial set
on a lovely baluster pedestal - clearly positioned for use in earlier
times to set the house clocks.
It displays the hours
4am to 8pm in 30, 15, 10, 5 and 1 min divisions.
See more of this lovely dial
Prof IDP Wootton
SunInfo is sad to report the death on 16th July 2018
of Prof Ian
at the age of 97. Outside his distinguished clinical role, Ian was a key Trustee and
Council Member of The British Sundial Society. In earlier times he was
appointed to the position of Registrar of the Society after David Young
had relinquished the role which he had since the startup of the Society..
Ian also initiated the very first Society webpage, identifying and then
implementing the Society's web addresses and acting as webmaster. Read
SunInfo's Obituary to Ian Wootton. Ian will be sorely missed
by all those who knew him and who are pleased and privileged to have worked with him.
Image ©A Wootton, 2018
A chance to read about Seasonal Markers
for Analemmatic Sundials. In 2006
Bailey published his article on Seasonal Markers for Analemmatic
Sundials. Written to answer questions such as “Can a sundial be used
to follow the sun through the seasons?” or
"Is there a point in an analemmatic sundial that can be used with the
Zodiac date line to show where the sun rises?”. The answer is of
Read Roger's account in this link to his own website
24.07.18 [EU C-466/12]
A chance to see a real Merkhet
The Merkhet (or merjet "instrument of knowing") was an
Egyptian timekeeping instrument. It involved the use of a bar with a
plumb line and could be used during both morning and afternoon hours.
A short video clip shows one such in a museum
Here Two of these instruments could also be
used, together, to determine North. The merkhet consisted of a string
with a weight attached to one end, enabling a straight line to be
measured. For the operation to work, two merkhets were required, one
aligned with Polaris, the North Pole star. If erected properly, and if
a merkhet was on hand, one could estimate quite accurately the
time by observing the transits of certain stars as they crossed the
meridian and came into alignment with the two merkhets.
Previously unknown UK sundial location
revealed! The National Trust property of
Park in Nottinghamshire is suffering from the drought. The building
that once stood on here was Clumber House - a grand 18th-Century
mansion which was demolished in 1938 after a series of fires and the
then economic downturn.
In the present drought, rooms and corridors of the old house have
become visible as stone foundations left in the ground heated up more
quickly than surrounding material, scorching the soil above to a
Although the location of the lost mansion is well known, amazingly the
location of a previously unknown sundial in front of the lawn has been
see this image..
More about this and
other drought related discoveries from the BBC here
A Sundial Missing in Zimbabwe...
Imagine, if you will, the interest to a sundial
when this was spotted in the formal gardens of an hotel near the
Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe. Then imagine discovering that the company
who made it is still in existence in London yet they have no records
of it. A real mystery.
Read a bit more about this intriguing puzzle
here. Do let the
webmaster know if you have any information about what must have been a
very well made equinoctial English sundial.
The Clifford A. Phaneuf Environmental
Center in Springfield's Forest Park, Mass,
dedicated a new sundial built by artist James Kitchen and commissioned
by the Edward Peck family in memory of Ruth Mahoney Peck who shared a
great love for the park. The dial is fabricated in steel using a
skate blade as the gnomon and a saw blade as a base. It was declared
'open' on June 21 2018.
Short Youtube clip
04.07.18 Marking Independence Day
Barnwell sundial 'stands the test of
time'. On a bright, sunny day outside the
County Courthouse (that's in South Carolina, USA) there's no need to
check your watch to know what time it is. It is said possibly to
be the only 'free-standing' vertical sundial left standing in the USA
- can this really be? Installed in 1858 after it was given to
the county by State Senator Joseph D. Allen it has recently been
It includes an EoT
correction table and is additionally unusual to British eyes in having
Arabic numerals viewed from the inside of a vertical dial.
more about this recent restoration.
The amazing Coade Stone Dial Discovery -
AND we made it!! Recently Weston
Head Gardener made a remarkable discovery. Whilst sorting out an area
used for their equipment, amongst the detritus of old urns and shoulder
high nettles, they found this sundial base. It is no ordinary plinth,
though, being a rare Coade stone piece which was last seen at Weston in
the early twentieth century when it appeared in a photograph of Margaret
Countess of Bradford and her children. Coade stone is not a real
stone but is an eighteenth century man-made ceramic. It was
perfected by Mrs Eleanor Coade, in the 1770s and was notable for being
twice fired. Examples exist in a few places in London but only one
other at Weston Park. Only in recent years has this ceramic
formulation been rediscovered and restoration made possible. Look at the pedestal and listen to why it is important
To restore the plinth and to make a dial for it will cost
£20,000 - an amount close to 10% of the total park maintenance available
to the charity that runs Weston Park, so a crowd funding approach was
started and we at SunInfo asked if you who read SunInfo
could help too.
Appropriately and on the very day of the summer
solstice it was announced that the project has been funded!!
Britain's beautiful secret sundials
An article by Sophie Campbell in the Daily Telegraph in January 2018
attention to the many 'secret' sundials that exist in Britain.
"They are simple, yet
complex, a marriage of form and function, often beautiful, frequently
unusable (no sun) and they require for their creation a particular
combination of skills: mathematics and artistry.".
Read the article and see its other links
Then read another article
this time from the Financial Times - this time all about the sundial
designer putting a modern twist on ancient technology and the dials of
A Very Wet Sundial at Hatfield House!
The sundial at Hatfield House in
UK was installed in June 2011 in the
garden near the Old Palace. It was designed by William Andrewes of Concord,
Massachusetts, USA and is shown here on a very wet Spring day!
In many ways a conventional sundial but there is a twist!
The dialplate is made up of a gnomonic map with the location of the dial
at its centre.
Explanatory plaques are arranged around the supporting pedestal and a
selection of images of these and of the dial itself
can be seen,
though sadly not made very easy to read because of the
weather at the time. More
The June 2018 edition of the BSS
Bulletin is published.
A Singular Cross Dial in Moorfields - Graham Stapleton
In the Footsteps of Thomas Ross. Part 23: West Fife Sundials - Dennis
Some Early French Dials - Mike Cowham
Newly Reported Dials 2017 - John Foad
A Sundial Commission with a Circular Enoch Calendar - Alastair Hunter
Livery Schools Link Showcase Event 2018 - Joanna Migdal
Sundial at Hotel Casino Ridola, Matera, South Eastern Italy - Martin
The Very Last Scratchings of an Old Bird - Tony Moss
Miniature Sundials for Some Wonderful People - Valery Dmitriev
A Sundial that Unites: Teddy Park Sundial, Jerusalem, Israel - Lupe
North American Sundial Conference, St Louis, August 2017 - Geoff Parsons
BSS Photographic Competition 2017-18 - David Hawker
BSS Annual Conference: Norwich, 20-22 April 2018
A Dial Displaced by a Bridge: Dial Square, Norwich - David Payne
Summer Solstice at the Duomo
The other day Jim Tallman alerted the sundial
community to the
'event' that occurs at (and near) the summer solstice in Florence's
Duomo in Italy. There is an aperture high up in the dome of the
Cathedral which, around the summer solstice lets a spot of light fall to
the floor and pass over a meridian line that was installed in 1756 -
though the aperture might have been installed as early as 1475!.
It was designed partly so that "the measure of the year and the date of
Easter be more accurately determined", according to the inscription
still visible on the wall near the choir. If you cannot be there,
look at this video of an earlier
'transit'. Thanks Jim for alerting us all to this excellent
Astonishing Neolithic Clay Disc from E
Jutland appears to record 2 stages of a full
eclipse on 5 May 2789 BC.
Dr Oosthuizen (Reader in Medieval Archaeology, University of
Cambridge) suggests the sun is the larger circle, its rays radiating
out like a child's drawing; the moon approaches it from bottom right, &
then moves in front of the sun - all as per the diagram.... Click
on the images for slightly larger view.
But, might this be akin
one of the Los Millares multi-sun artefacts known from Andalucía,
Spain, which appear to be connected with the visibility of the
constellation Orion and the time of deer rutting? What do you think?
A Roman Sundial dating
to the 1st century B.C. has been found in Interamna Lirenas,
Italy. It was
by a man named Marcus Novius Tubula to celebrate his election to the
office of tribune of the plebs.
He had his name
inscribed on the base of the sundial, and paid for the whole thing “De
Sua PECUNIA,” or with his own money.
The dial is in astonishing condition and is complete with
its inscription - a rare find indeed.
'Unrecorded' dial discovered on
the BSS Conference coach tour.
This year's BSS conference reinstated the earlier
practice of a coach tour of dials and by all accounts it proved a
success, not least because a dial was spotted by one of the delegates
which seems to be unknown as far as the UK National Register is
concerned! The dial is located high on St George's Theatre in King
Street, Great Yarmouth. It is a West declining dial painted in bright
colours. Click on the image here for a closer look.
The Website Devoted to the
Burlingham Walks Sundial Trail in Norfolk
now operative and may be seen
A map of how to look round the seven sundials (and some
mass dials on the church) is provided and the whole is accompanied by a
series of photographs.
Well worth a look. Click the link above or on the image
here to visit the site.
Happy Birthday, Sundial Atlas!
The Sundial Atlas was started 8 years ago, on April
25th 2010, and
it has a new look with new software, renewed graphics, a new faster
server and several new features.
There is a guide for users (home page, click 'Sundial Atlas' on the
left, then click 'logo & guides').
Find The Sundial Atlas at
http://sundialatlas.net or click
The Craigdarroch Dial - found
under a bush!
A dial dated 1777
has been found hidden under bushes in an overgrown
garden in a small village near Inverness. Known as the Craigdarroch
stone after the place where it was found, it was recently restored by
Macmillan Hunter Sundials of Edinburgh. It carries the remarkable
motto “Each one that reads remember ye the time that is no more shall
Read a little more about the dial
The Sundial, Lichfield Cathedral,
Staffordshire. This sundial, previously located near
South door of the Cathedral was removed in 1781 and re-erected in 1785
at the West end to regulate the clock on the tower.
It was removed again in 1881 and passed into private
hands but it was returned to the cathedral in 1929 and put on a pedestal
in its present position south of the nave.
It takes the form of a cube dial with gnomons and time
scales on each face.
© David Rogers / Cathedral Sundial, Lichfield
The Slate Sundials of Joseph McNally.
The slate dials of Joseph McNally are
pictorial and they add to a long tradition of slate dial making
Read this excellent article from the BSS Bulletin by joint authors John
Davis, Michael Harley and Harriet James which is available to read on
the web courtesy of Flowton Dials.
The article may be read
14.04.18 [ EU C-466/12]
The Queen and Sir David
Attenborough saw the funny side when they came across
placed sundial in the grounds of Buckingham Palace.. The dial,
once placed in a suitable place now rests in the shade of nearby trees.
The scene is from a forthcoming BBC documentary, The
Queen's Green Planet, to be broadcast in the UK on ITV at 9pm on Monday
16 April 2018.
We read on 13th April that the dial has already been
Howard House sundial restored at
last. One of Norwich’s most significant
has been restored at last. The Grade II* listed Howard House had stood
empty for more than 25 years and it had even been designated as at risk
owing to its deteriorating condition. But after the restoration, its
roof and external facades have now been carefully repaired and restored.
Howard House, on King Street, dates from the late 16th century and
originally was owned by Henry Howard, Duke of Norfolk. The picture shows
the West declining 1840s sundial as it is now following the restoration.
Click on the image for a larger version..
Images © Orbit
Hitchin's Physic Garden Sundial
This month's dial is the most unusual one that is in
so-called Physic Garden. The garden commemorates the first
commercial production of herbs in 1846 by William Ransom, a member of
a prominent local Quaker family. It opened on 20th May 1990 in
the grounds of Hitchin library and museum in Paynes Park. It is
divided into four sections: Household; the William Ransom border;
External Ailments; Internal Ailments. It contains a most unusual 1990
sundial in the form or a mortar and pestle dedicated to a late
president of the Trust. The motto reads "Disease doth oft rise
above medicine". Click the image for a larger version. It was
made by Joanna Migdal.
There is a wonderful dial in the
gardens of the moated manor house 'Menkema Manor',
Uithuizen, Holland 53.4°N, 6.7°E. Information
sent to the Sundial Mail List courtesy of Frans Maes tells us that it is
an elaborate multiple dial, dating from 1722. The base is formed
from two stacked cubes, one rotated by 45° compared to the other.
Each side of the cubes has a vertical dial, though the gnomon of one has been wrongly
The gilded head is surmounted by a twelve-pointed star. The edge of each
point serves as the style of a small polar dial, the dial plate of which
is split over the two adjoining sides.
Then on the top of this astonishing dial, there are two
equatorial dials, on the top and on on the bottom faces of the star.
Altogether, this sculpture carries 34 dials.
pictures of the dial thanks to Frans Maes and
The wonderful moated manor house (image
courtesy Gouwenaar - Own work, CC0,
A look at the Savoy Centenary Sundial
The Savoy Hotel was founded in 1889 and 100
later in 1989, Christopher Daniel was commissioned to design a dial to
celebrate that event and of course to mark its foundation by
Richard D'Oyly Carte. Look at some of the images of how it is
today and read the extensive description at its base.
The dial is 610 mm in diameter and takes the form of a
four ring type armillary sphere. See more of
this dial today here
Check out the dials on the Burlingham Walks of Norfolk.
Courtesy of Annabel Payne, see the new website, which covers some of
her father David's dials that have been carefully located in the woodland
trails located North of Lingwood Village. The 3,000 acre estate was
acquired by Norfolk County Council in the early years of the 20th century and
became part of a scheme to provide farms for heroes returning from the First
World War. See more of this site
17th century brass sundial was prised from its stone plinth
outside the front
of St Tysilio's Church between Llanymynech and Four Crosses in Powys.
Churchgoers noticed it was missing on January 11 2018 but they can not say
when it was last seen. Dyfed Powys constable Rhodri Treharne said it
was an unusual artefact that police wanted to re-unite with the
Mrs Carol Davies, churchwarden, said the sundial is about eight inches
in diameter and a golden brass colour.
The Rousham Sundial is
February's dialling 'find'. A lovely small sundial by Dolland set in
wonderful garden designed by William Kent in the 18thC.
Rousham remains one of the few
gardens of this date to have escaped alteration, with many features
still to be seen such as the ponds and cascades in Venus’s Vale, the
Cold Bath, the seven arched Praeneste, Townsend’s Building, etc, etc
There in front of the dovecote - or more
correctly, the pigeon house - stands a lovely horizontal sundial by
Dolland which is registered with the British Sundial Society as SRN
5989. See a few images here
The Cannon Bridge House Sundial
- Revealed!! This is rather a hidden
gem in London.
of an immense Roof Garden that once was open to the public this is now a
private garden - about an acre in area!
When open it was available for hire for events in London
but now it is sadly closed and only very rarely available to view.
SunInfo has however been able to obtain a few
photographs of the garden and - more importantly of the dial - and these
may be seen by clicking on the image here or on our link to our
Cannon Bridge House page. A rare
opportunity to see this particular dial - and one by a relatively
unknown modern maker too! Can you help identify the maker?
Dr Frank Evans. At
the end of 2017, SunInfo was sad to report the death of Dr Frank Evans, an eminent Marine
and a British Sundial Society member of long standing.
Frank suffered a stroke aged 91 whilst on his way with
his daughter to go ice skating in North Shields.
An esteemed member of the British Sundial
community, Frank was the life and soul of any party bringing as he did
his own humour to any conversation!
obituary to Frank here
Remembering Andrew Somerville
Andrew was born in Paisley. He studied Organic
Glasgow University and worked on aniline dyes and later on
cancer drug research.
He retired in 1982 and resumed his interest in sundials. His book on
the elaborate Scottish sundials ‘The Ancient Sundials of Scotland’ is
still an important work. It was under his guidance that the British
Sundial Society was founded and he became its first Chairman. Sadly he
died in 1990 aged 67, only one year after BSS’s founding.
A memorial stone sundial was designed by Christopher Daniel, the
Society's current President, twenty-five years ago this year and it's
our pleasure to record that event as it was recorded in the
Bollington Arts Centre Magazine of Autumn
Huddersfield’s most popular rail
attraction? Brian Taylor – who died in 2009 – will
on at Kirklees Light Railway thanks to the unveiling of a fitting
memorial. The model steam vehicle enthusiast brought his hobby to life
in 1991 with the creation of the railway at Clayton West. The line was
first constructed to take passengers to Cuckoo’s Nest. It was later
expanded to Skelmanthorpe and then to Shelley where all journeys now
The Golcar-born man built all the locomotives and carriages for the
three-and-a-half-mile route himself in his home workshop. To mark
Brian’s involvement, a sundial memorial has been unveiled by his widow
on the platform of Clayton West station. It has a nautical theme of a
windlass with two sails on the top, the gap between which allows the
sun to shine a line over the dial face. The sundial was created by
Shepley sculptor Dave Bradbury. Images
31.10.17 [Dial kindly reported by SunInfo
reader Gerald Stancey]
A Courtesy for Meridian Line users provided
free by Spot On Sundials! The original brass
was designed by Piers Nicholson and introduced to the market in 2001.
Since then, more than 900 customers all over the world have bought
them as presents for big occasions or simply for their own pleasure.
To help enable the set up of any dial Piers also produced a very handy
web based Time of Noon calculator
It's also useful as a free resource when
predicting when the image of the sun will pass any meridian line in
the world! The table produced
shows the local clock times (CET) for solar Noon every day of the year
for the meridian line in the Basilica
S. Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri in Rome which is at 41.9031N,
12.4969E. Just add one hour when your sighting is during summer when CEST applies. Neat.
11.10.17 [Published with permission P Nicholson]
A 'Mayan style' projection sundial
Courtesy of an article on the NASS website we learn that
Ruben Nohuitol of Queretaro, Mexico has built his own solarium which he
calls his “cosmic room” to observe the rays of the sun throughout the
Have a look at
his extraordinary website
here. There are several other pages of
intriguing displays to look at too.
Nearly one year on...
It's now coming up for one year since Dudley Council reinstated a long
sundial which went missing from Stourbridge town centre in the 1980s and
which was unveiled at its new home in Mary Stevens Park on the 10th
The sundial, which had been erected in a small public garden next to the
town clock and market hall by King Edward VI Grammar School in 1952 to
mark the quarter centenary of its charter, became damaged before
disappearing from the town. It is presumed that the sundial was
removed in the early 1980s when the garden was replaced by the Crown
Centre shopping development. It's a pity that Medway Council in
Kent cannot do likewise with Christopher Daniel's wonderful Nelson Dial
which has been so ignorantly removed from the town centre of Chatham.
Dudley's council are indeed enlightened, and are to be
Medway Council most certainly are not.
Penrith's Unusual Sundial
In a garden near Penrith stands an elegant octagonal sundial
at first glance looks as if it is simply an example of a pleasant well made
sundial mounted on a rather unusual tapered stone pedestal.
Closer inspection however shows that it is anything but
See more about this most unusual sundial here
19.08.17, 12.09.17 [Images
© Robert Sylvester]
Here's an interesting Cumberland sundial
away in the West Lakes is this gem that is very well preserved.
Not only that but it appears to be one of only two existing dials made by Chadburn of Liverpool - Optician to Prince Albert no less - and it is
mounted on a quite extraordinary pedestal.
Just take a closer look
here and judge
31.07.17, 12.09,17 [Images
© Robert Sylvester]
The Moorish Dial.
The origins of the sundial are lost in the mists of
antiquity; but there is no
that the very earliest civilisations made use of the shadows of objects
to gauge the time of the day and the season of the year. In 2008
Christopher Daniel published a page in Clocks Magazine about the Arabic
Origins of the Scientific Sundial.
There were many bright stars in the glittering Arabian
firmament of science and art; but these were perhaps the brightest of
those most able to invent the scientific sundial.
Read the article here.
There are two vertical declining
dials at Grimsthorpe Castle! Historic
for Grimsthorpe Castle in the parish of Edenham in Lincolnshire,
appear to only show one vertical declining dial at this property, yet
there are two - both in 'reasonable' condition for their age.
More than that, the larger one is still showing accurate Local Solar
Read a little about the castle, find out where the
dials can be seen on the building and have a look at two photographs
of them. Then, marvel at just how well the larger one is
telling the time even today.
The Nice Dials of Newstead
There is a wonderful ruined abbey in the Gothic style at
in Scotland. It was no longer maintained after 1544 and indeed
it is recorded that the last monk there died in 1590. Part of it
was destined to rise again to be used as a parish church from 1610
-1810 and it was presumably in this period that many stonemasons were
needed. Whatever, it is recorded that many of these stonemasons
lived and were trained in the nearby town of Newstead and whether or
not that is the reason, there are several stone sundials in Newstead
mostly dated to the 1650s - 1780s. Denis Cowan (of course!) visited
Newstead in 2011 and he later published a fascinating
article about these dials in the BSS Bulletin.
Well worth a read. There is at least
one with its mason's mark, one was previously thought to have been a
date-stone and one that is now stored out of the weather. Nonetheless
there are two still thought to be missing. Maybe they are yet to be
On the Design Latitude of Horizontal
A short note on how the design latitude of a dial plate, with or without
the gnomon present, may easily be determined, with graphs to allow a good
estimate to be obtained.
to read the article (PDF)
The June 2017 BSS Newsletter
reports a concern about declining society membership, about
Society might use social media to advertise itself and about the
possibility of establishing an online discussion forum. Since publication
of this Newsletter SunInfo has been contacted by several
members and former members to express their surprise since every one of
these issues was comprehensively discussed by Christopher Daniel's council
way back in 2011, a summary of ideas to remedy a reducing membership was
then given to the current council when they took office but from the
information so far received, it appears that little or none of these
has been considered let alone have any of the solutions been enacted in the
intervening years! More than that, the 2011 social media
implementation of the Society's Facebook page has never been updated for
over four years and, guess what? its designer had already
built in a discussion forum and even made provision for future advertising
facilities none of which have simply ever been tried, let alone used. Indeed former trustees
recall that the concept of using Facebook for any sort of advertising was
specifically abandoned almost from the time the present council took
office - despite the easy way costs for it could be limited.
Perhaps then, it's little wonder that these five (or so)
years of council inaction on such well understood and well documented issues
have finally led to today's problems? Maybe the Society would be
better placed now had other circumstances prevailed?
A Fine Example of a Cross Sundial
has been located in the SE of England. It is a particularly elegant
a rare dial type since only some 35-40 such dials are known in the
This dial further excels in having its own equation of
time scale on its 'front' (South) face, a motto on its base and time
markings of 30,15 and 5 mins.
Now a little overshadowed by trees it is nevertheless
still 'operating'. Click on a thumbnail for a larger image.
Way back in 1991 The
UK's Cumbrian sundial super-sleuth Robert Sylvester first recorded the
sundial at the Parish Church of St Mary's Church in High Hesket, It was
designated SRN 1006 in the National register. By then the 700x800mm
sandstone dial had split, was missing its gnomon and it had been removed
from the wall and placed in store. Then, on Saturday 2nd April 2005 a
replica was rededicated by the Rev. Beth Smith after a three-year
restoration project by members of Hesket Local History Group. The
dial is notable for its two lengthy mottoes.
Have a look at it by clicking on the
Photos Trevor Harris, CC
RHS Gardens at Hyde Hall are to be
congratulated! An April
visit to the
gardens at Hyde Hall near Chelmsford in Essex, by
one of SunInfo's
revealed that a floodlight had been positioned above the vertical sundial
on the gable end of one of the out buildings there. See the photo on the
When this was brought to the attention of the management of RHS the
problem was very swiftly addressed; the light removed and even two nearby
mature trees that screened the dial removed also.
As can be seen in the second image, the sundial now 'shines in its own
glory' once again.
Notification of the main problem to the final fix was accomplished in only
17 days! That really is amazing.
RHS Hyde Hall management are much to be commended.
SunInfo visitors might consider dropping in when next they
are in the area - there's even more to Hyde Hall than just the sundial!
The National Trust and the
The garden at the wonderful Wisbech
'Peckover House' is especially lovely at this time of year. Not only
that but there is a sundial just outside the greenhouse which greatly
enhances that part of the garden. Odd therefore that when these
images were taken - it was at 09:21 GMT in March - the dial was showing
just over 10:30!
Surely the NT has not succumbed to AP Herbert's rather
unfairly named 'Housewife's Trick' whereby a sundial is turned so as to
indicate summer time? Given its age and the extent of corrosion
present it's hard to read this dial exactly and thereby to work out
just how much the dial has been turned but, despite every diallist's
'horror' at such a practice, it has to be said that
in summer, in
the middle part of the day and at the latitude of the UK
it is not quite so inaccurate as one might think. At least it might help
to prevent the frequent comment made by members of the public when
checking a sundial with a watch, of 'It's wrong'. So maybe the
misjudged housewife has done us a service after all?
Medway Council eliminates one of the
Nation's most important sundials! In an
move, Medway Council in Kent has chosen to take down one of the most famous sundials in
the country, SRN2936 in the National Register, which was in Railway Street,
Chatham and which commemorates both the day and the time of the death of Admiral Lord
Nelson. The dial was designed over twenty years ago by Christopher
Daniel MBE, the President of the British Sundial Society, and it has been
a major feature of the town since then. It is a dial known to thousands
both in the UK and overseas.
The worrying thing is that there is currently a suggestion of it
being placed in a museum - all rather suggesting that the problem of
reinstallation had never been considered let alone planned. More
can be found about this in the article in the 9th March edition of
Kent on Line.
Click here to read more.
Click here to read Chris Daniel's
1995 article about the original installation and how Chatham regarded it then!
Hint: In 1995 it was then regarded as the 'Jewel in the
Crown' of a £5.5M investment to improve the environment of Chatham!
How the Council's knowledge of the town has changed.
see the further
Kent on Line
article about this -
here and go
here to read
NASS's comment of 14th April on this worrying development. BSS also became
involved in this on 15.03.17 and they too have written to the Council. Let
us hope that Medway Council reconsider.
Now the local MP (Tracey Crouch) is involved and the
Nelson Society has been informed.
If you wish to register your concern about this
most unwelcome development the contact is Alan Jarrett,
Leader of Medway
Council, Gun Wharf, Dock Road, Chatham,
Kent, ME4 4TR.
09.03.17, 16.04.17, 27.04.17 (Photo and ar ticle
C StJH Daniel MBE)
Another Dial - Another Headache!
In 2013 the octagonal Luton Hoo Walled Garden celebrated
of its builder - the 3rd Earl of Bute. Scientist of his day,
though a particularly unpopular Prime Minister. It was he who, in
the 18thC, had been instrumental in the establishment of Kew Gardens. As
a part of the celebrations for this birthday celebration, an analemmatic
dial was commissioned and largely
constructed by the Garden's own team of volunteers.
However, what had
been a straightforward dial delineation task ended up
uncovering an extraordinary fact. The garden is nearly aligned to the
sunrises and sunsets at the solstices and equinoxes of its location -
and it is not clear why!
Read about the Earl of Bute and how, with 'Capability'
Brown, he moved his garden from near the river up no less than 200
feet to the top of a hill, arguably
the most inconvenient location for a huge five acre
garden and one that requires similarly huge amounts of water.
Bute combined interests of botany, astronomy and
philosophical instruments all of which appear to be significant in the
concepts behind the walled garden. But why was it built like this?
Read about it all here.
Christopher Daniel's 1981 Trigon!
A real discovery this!! Way back in 1981 BSS President
Daniel MBE drew out for himself a very simple design for a Trigon.
Such devices were used
long ago to lay out sundials on any fixed surface and they are useful
when the surfaces are not as accessible as one might wish. Modern
versions usually make use of theodolite mechanisms and a laser but such
isn't necessary. This hand drawn diagram explains the theory and
demonstrates the use of this device and all on one page too!
View the page here
- or click on the thumbnail.
you wish to Subscribe to receive material directly from SunInfo or even Unsubscribe
from receiving such material from SunInfo, whether by email or ordinary
mail? Click here and enter
your preferences there. You may also visit
www.bit.ly/nosuninfo at any time
for the same purpose.
Remember an entry that used to be here?
Go to our Archive Page1 or
to our latest page
Archive Page 2 We place the older stories from the SunInfo page
there after they have been
removed from the main page to make room for more recent news. So, if you want to look for something you
on SunInfo which is not there now, here's the place to look. Entries are frequently dated with their original dates of insertion/amendment on the
SunInfo page and they are placed here in order of their removal from the
web page. But why not browse the Archive anyway? There's a lot
days to go now!! NASS
(The North American
Society) will hold this year's Annual Conference from Thurs 16 Aug -
Sun 19 Aug in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. The conference will be held
near the famed University of Pittsburgh campus with its Cathedral of
Learning and will be held at the Hilton Garden Inn, Pittsburgh
University Place 3454 Forbes Avenue, in Pittsburgh. Full
The 'Dials' of Konark.
There is a 13th-century sun temple
Konark near Odisha, India which is attributed to King Narasimhadeva I of
the Eastern Ganga Dynasty of about 1250 AD. Dedicated to the Hindu sun
god Surya, what remains of the temple complex is a 100-foot high chariot
with 24 immense wheels drawn by horses, all carved from stone and quite
accurately aligned E-W. Once over 200 feet high, much of the temple is
now in ruins. The structures and elements that have survived are famed
for their intricate artwork, iconography, and various themes.
wheels, spokes and other divisions of the wheels are arranged in a form
and number similar to modern time keeping and consequently they invite
use as sundials. A simple calculation of the angles of the spokes
between 6am to 6pm on the South wheels shows why. Click on the images
The Nazeing Church Sundial
- a restoration project
Barrie Winter and reported here by Ian Butson.
It was in 2009 that funds became available to
restore/replace the relief - carved wooden sundial on Nazeing Church
near Harlow in Essex. Read about this remarkable 2010 project
reported at this link
HERE in 2014
2018 "Dial Time"
was once again delighted to publish its
to accompany the 2018 Conference Season.
you can find a few stories taken from the
SunInfo web pages in the past months, some new topics and some
updates on older stories too.
In the usual PDF format, this four page Newsletter contains news and items of
interest to any diallist.
Download it free HERE.or
read it on Ussuu
(use Ussuu's full screen mode to read it)
Lower income and higher costs at BSS!!
The 2017 Report & Annual Accounts for the British Sundial Society
have recently been published and may be examined at the Charity
Commission Website or here
courtesy of the CC. Compared to the
2016, they show a reduction of overall income in the year of £3,258
and at the same time an increase in expenditure of £2,053. As a result, only
£2,192 was added to Total Society funds in the year. Fees for independent
examination of the accounts and (new for this year) for professional preparation
of the claim for gift aid, have this year soared by 127%. Indeed,
something approaching 8% of all membership fees currently appears to be being
spent on such bought-in professional services.
|Comment received from a
"I am at a loss to understand how they justify spending on professional
The Dial of Ahaz
December 2017 marked ten years
Christopher Daniel wrote his article covering the mystery of the Dial of
Ahaz in his then regular column of 'Clocks Magazine'.
Read the article for yourself Here
and see what some others have concluded about this ancient mystery.
Unusual Dial in Grantham
We were first made
aware of this
interesting dial in 2017. It is
in the one-time 'Clockmakers District' of Grantham at the junction of
Welby Street and Westgate. It was delineated by Charles Westwood in 1790
as a west declining dial that would also show the equinoxes and solstices.
It has only relatively recently been recorded in the National Sundial
Register where its reference is SRN 6705. Unusually for such an old dial
it still retains its original pin nodus.
Read more of an analysis of this dial, its features and its 'oddities' by
going to this link
If you can contribute to this analysis or even resolve some of the so
called oddities do contact the webmaster.
19.06.17, 09.07.17, 09.06.2018
2017 "Dial Time"
again SunInfo was delighted to publish its
to accompany the 2017 Conference Season.
you can find a few stories taken from the
SunInfo web pages in the past months, some new topics and some
updates on older stories too.
In PDF format, this four page Newsletter contains news and items of
interest to any diallist. For a little more about the Ripple Restoration
that is mentioned on page 1, click
Download it free HERE.or
read it on Ussuu
2016 "Dial Time"
again SunInfo was delighted to publish its FREE Spring
Newsletter to accompany the 2016 Conference Season. Here
you can find a few stories taken from the
SunInfo web pages in the past months, some new topics and some
updates on older stories too.
In PDF format, this four page Newsletter contains news and items of
interest to any diallist.
Download it free HERE.
Read it in 'Ussuu' HERE
SunInfo's 2015 "Dial Time" Newsletter
SunInfo's first FREE Spring Newsletter was published to accompany the 2015 Conference Season. In
PDF format the four page Newsletter contained news and details of
interest to any diallist.
View or Download
STOLEN! Do you suspect
that a dial known to you might have been stolen? Sadly many dials have
been over the years. A few recent thefts are mentioned in the boxes
below. The BSS has a list of stolen dials (sadly not updated
since 2010) which is accessible
here. There are some 44 dials listed. If when you can get to
see them and you recognise any, do let the
BSS Registrar know.
stole a sundial from a plinth in a Morley churchyard, where it had
stood for 250 years.
The dial had been made by clockmaker and scientist John Whitehurst
and had been in the grounds of St Matthew's Church, in Church Lane,
The instrument, which was made from bronze, was reported stolen on
Sunday, February 23 2014 and had last been seen at the start of
January. Please inform the webmaster if you have seen this dial.
in Blickling Hall's secret garden lifted and made off with the
sundial and pedestal which is of carved Portland stone and stands
Jo Bosch, Blickling’s marketing and visitor manager, said the bronze
sundial a replacement for an earlier dated from the late 18th or
early 19th century, had a metal plate on it which said “Brookbrae
The theft happened between 10am on February 6 and 10.15am on
February 7 2014.Please
inform the webmaster if you have seen this dial or pedestal.
An historic vertical sundial
(National Register No SRN 2136 - click on image) has been stolen from St
Mary's Church in Prestwich, Manchester. The dial is dated 1781 and is a
vertical direct south dial which carries the motto "Sic Transit Gloria
Mundi". There is some confusion as to the material of the dial; it may be
stone or iron. Anyone with further information should contact the police,
and send a copy to
Police are appealing for help in tracing a valuable
sundial stolen in Sunderland between noon on Monday, May 5, and 2pm on
Friday, May 9, 2014 from a rear garden.
The stolen sun dial is a distinctive brass Grande Armillary Sundial
Ensemble, 56 inches tall, believed to be as per the image and made by
Henri Studio of Illinois, USA. It is worth hundreds of pounds. Click on the
image here for a larger view.
Police are hunting thieves who stole a unique decorative sundial
from a £4 million mansion near Potters Bar., Herts
Between Dec 22 2014 and Jan 18 2015, a large brass armillary sphere
sundial disappeared from Rabley Park, a historic 12-acre estate in
Packhorse Lane, Ridge.
Police say the large ornament can only have been moved by a vehicle.
It has several engravings, including “Do not squander time for that is
the stuff life is made of’, ‘Clacton-on-Sea’, ‘Hemel Hempstead’ and
Anyone with any information should contact the police
2017 Grade II sundial
STOLEN from Conwy
Grade II listed sundial dating to 1761 has been stolen from a
churchyard in Conwy and its stonework smashed.
The stonework holding the bronze sundial at Conwy church was smashed
into three pieces.
Rev David Parry, vicar of Bro Celynnin, said the theft was noticed on
Friday morning and reported to police.
"It's very sad. In taking the top, the thieves have severely damaged
the stone. It's been part of Conwy's history for a long long time," he
"It's a well known landmark, listed in its own right, and we're at a
loss to know why someone would want to damage this."
The dial is believed to be SRN 3262, dated 1765, 360mm dia includes an EoT scale
and was made by Mereidh Hughes, of Conwy.
The BSS Conference 2018 took the
Society to Norwich - to the Maid's Head Hotel there. The Conference ran from Friday 20 April to Sunday 22 April, 2018. See
a summary of the
BSS 2018 Programme. 57 delegates attended. On arrival one of two short walks were planned in Norwich itself for the Friday afternoon and in
what for many was a welcome break from recent venues there was a
coach tour to view David Payne's sundial trail on the Saturday afternoon.
See more about
what dials were seen. Full package prices were £340 for single occupancy, £520 for double. The
Day Delegates rate is £160. As usual the conference was open to non-members as well as members
and at no difference in price.
delegates out on the tour.
02.02.18,16.04.18, 20.04.18, 27.04.18
ULTIMATE Sundial Conference of 2017! 2017's
year's NASS Sundial Conference really was the one to visit.
The meeting took place in the Clayton Plaza Hotel, 7750 Carondelet Ave, Clayton, Missouri 63105 August 19-22 2017. Why
was it the
one to attend? Well, during the conference there was a total eclipse
of the sun! Delegates
3+ days of gnomonic presentations and sundial discussions. There were some
tutorial sessions for Aug 19th and the tour this year was very special
with a ring side seat to watch the August 21st Solar Eclipse. NASS had reserved space at Jefferson Barracks that allowed
an unobstructed view of the eclipse away from the expected crowds..
30.05.16 , 17.11.16, 22.07.17, 20.07.17, 28.08.17
Reprise of the 2017 BSS
21-23 April 2017
2017 BSS Spring Conference took place just outside Oxford. Have a look at our
special web page at the link below to see where it was held,
what the hotel is
like, how to get to it, delegate rates, what else to see and do,
how the conference was arranged and the two planned visits to dials and the conference
Information is updated regularly.
Our Special BSS Conference page
included notes written to accompany Dr
Philip Pattenden's conducted tour of
Sundials of Oxford Colleges which were visited during the
Inaugural BSS Conference in 1990! Compare then and now!!
Only on SunInfo!!
See our Special Conference Page - 2017
09.05.16 15.09.16, 05.01.17,21.03.17, 23.04.17, 02.08.17
Reprise of the 2016 BSS Liverpool Conference
You can find information about this
here (or click on the image
above). Only about 55 delegates attended in 2016, even fewer than last
year. Read news of what happened there, the programme and how the conference was
arranged, the plenary lecturer, how easy it was to get there by land and air,
details of the hotel itself, where you could find parking, the conference
format, what there was to do, how to get taxis, where the bus stops are, find
nearby sundials and even how to see the sights of Liverpool too.
out our page about the
Conference; a conference that was held over
The level of interest is little short of amazing. Mind you, our page
does include summaries,
and the results of delegate opinions - sadly things that
are no longer published about its conferences by the current BSS Council. Indeed, and by way of
example, there is still no website entry of consequence
on the BSS site about the 2013 meeting in Edinburgh nor one about the
2014 Greenwich Conference nor the 2015 Nottingham one nor the 2016
Liverpool, nor even yet the 2017 Oxford meeting either. Why ever not
you may ask? Well, it might appear to you as a desire for secrecy. A number of issues arose at the Cheltenham
conference which may be behind what appear to be moves by the present
Council towards ever greater secrecy about their many blunders. Blunders
that continue to surprise the dialling community. Their omission
from their notes of the problems with the membership survey, of Graham Aldred's evidence in the
Christopher Daniel book saga, the successive losses of society assets and their recent quite extraordinary attempts to block
you from linking from this web site to
theirs. Hmmm, Shakespeare's
Hamlet (1.4 ), Marcellus to Horatio comes
BSS Conference was it?
Are you a long standing member of BSS? Can you
remember at which
the delegates were given this little notebook? When closed it measured 4¼
x 3 ins and contained a pad of
equation of time chart and a two year calendar! Click the image
to find out!!
Interesting News, Articles
Recording a Dial's Declination. An easy
to estimating the declination of an existing declining vertical dial.
is a PDF of a few self-explanatory slides presented by BSS Member Patrick Powers
at the 2005 Newbury Meeting of BSS. (5MB PDF).
You can buy a copy of a Reference card relating
to this to carry with you. Click on the link...
BSS's Net Current Assets Fall
in a year. The Charity Commission has received BSS's
accounts for 2015.
those wishing to see how the Society fared in those past twelve months, they
may be examined Here.
A drop of 5¼%
in Net Current Assets has been reported in the last year
It is thought largely to be because of conference losses. Earlier Accounts
can be conveniently checked and compared in our Document
Archive below, see the section 'Policy, Guidance, Rules, Information
Sheets & General Documents'.
Members attending the 2016 Society AGM got few answers to this further BSS
03.04.16, 05.04.16, 19.04.16
Every time the sun shines
in Seattle, it sheds light on
Sullivan and his mission. "I am out to make Seattle the sundial capital of
North America, I just love the irony of it," said Sullivan. More
Waymarking.com is a super way to see the dials of the world
your armchair and to read a little about them too.
Have a look at SunInfo's new Waymarking page
It includes links to the waymarking website and to
specific sets of dials.
All courtesy of waymarking.com
An early English
'Scientific' Sundial with exactly
unequal hour angles has been discovered at Scadbury Manor, home of the
Walsingham family. The very family that was so connected with the
Tudor Court. More information
Rostov 'Slab' discovered in 1991 may, it now seems,
be an ancient Bronze Age attempt at a combination of sundial and moon
dial. The slab is marked with round divots arranged in a circle,
and an astronomical analysis suggests that these markings coincide with
heavenly events, including sunrises and moonrises. Larisa
Vodolazhskaya of the Archaeoastronomical Research Center at the Southern
Federal University in Russia suggests that the people in the Northern
Black Sea region were astronomically savvy with a technology on a par
with what was seen in ancient Egypt around the same time. Amazing,
Sundial replaces Floral Clock at Swadlincote's Eureka Park
Derbyshire. Sited in the same place as the original 1937 floral clock, a
new sundial has been installed as a part of restoration work being carried out
on the whole park by South Derbyshire District Council and funded through a
£547,316 grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund and the Big Lottery Fund.
Image courtesy Burton Mail
The Polish Sundial
Register now records 1156 dials! The
of the sundials of Poland has well exceeded 1100. BSS Member Darek Oczki
is the Registrar and his website
http://gnomonika.pl/ lists them. Here are the totals by dial
type found so far
Meridian lines 1
No data yet 3
SunInfo Calendar is still available here!!!
one A4 page for each month, this FREE PDF pictorial calendar can be downloaded
and printed off to give you images of twelve UK sundials to look at throughout
2015. Each month includes the equation of time correction for each day and a
separate page allows longitude corrections to be estimated for anywhere in the
British Isles. Check it out and
download it here. Only a 4MB download. Just print it on
suitable paper stock.
With one A4 page for each month, this FREE PDF pictorial calendar
can be downloaded and printed off to give you images of twelve UK
sundials. Each month includes the equation of time correction for
each day of 2014 and a separate page allows longitude corrections to be
estimated for anywhere in the British Isles.
Check it out and download it here.
Only a 3.7MB download. Just print it on suitable paper stock.
still downloading this
beautiful calendar even in August 2015!! Why don't you have a look
too? Then look at our 2015 one!
A Calendar for 2002? Why
ever should sundial enthusiasts wish to look at - let alone keep - a copy of
a calendar for 2002? Have a look at our photogallery
here to see why!
John Knight Fotheringham FBA (14 August 1874 – 12
December 1936) was a British historian who was an expert on ancient
astronomy and chronology and who established the chronology of the
Babylonian dynasties. In 1929 he wrote a 13 page monograph
which concisely and clearly describes the history of calendars from that
of the Egyptians to the present day.
It is now out of copyright and worth reading here
©HMSO, 1929 07.08.16
facts about BSS. Here
are details of the Society, the members of its Council and its management, its appointed and excellent Specialists, how to access its
website and its Facebook page, how (and why!) to join the
Society, how to send payments to BSS via credit card or PayPal and many
recent annual accounts. In fact more or less everything you need
to know about BSS is here - warts and all! There's even help for BSS
Members who may like to understand the background to the worrying
oddities in today's erratic management of the society.
A Disquieting Anniversary] [A
Disquieting Delay] [Now the Disquieting Book
Interested to have access to more information about the
operation of BSS? Then why not go to our private BSS
Members page. [Password access available upon prior registration
BSS's "1960's" management approach.
the incoming secretary of BSS suggested using a S.W.O.T analysis of the
Society's Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. This is
now a rather discredited approach to management (because it can actually
limit performance) which was first mooted in Stamford in the 1960s. It is
therefore more used nowadays to summarise the
outcome of a more professional analysis of a business.
However one good use of it is to provide an historical perspective and allow
outsiders to judge for themselves what progress has been made in any
intervening period. Two analyses were prepared in 2011. Have a look at
the more detailed of the two
here and check which
of the suggestions in it have subsequently been adopted and which not!
|Quotes of 2013... From the UK
Charity Bulletin No 122, May 2013 published by IEL - who happen to be BSS's appointed
Independent Accounts Examiners:
Integrity: There's no better test of a person's integrity than
their behaviour when they are wrong. (Marvin Williams).
Destiny: Don't confuse poor decision-making with destiny. Own
your mistakes. It's ok; we all make them. Learn from them and move on.
Now, even after 2017 might not these form useful advice for today's BSS Council - and
from their own Examiner no less?
Just imagine! Places where sundials work in the summer
but not in the winter - even when they might be bathed in sunshine
throughout the year? You might think this cannot be but in Viganella
in Italy and now in Rjukan in Norway that is so. How so?
David Brown Sundials
offers a Blog/Website about their recent projects.
Worth a look
Dial 'Restored' by BSS President Chris Daniel!
In 1969 the 'Meridies Media' noon mark mean time
sundial, designed by Dr Tadeusz Przypkowski, with amendments by Chris
Daniel, was installed on the south wall of the Meridian Building in what was
then the Old Royal Observatory at Greenwich. Over the years it deteriorated
and had to be taken down. In 2009 a movement was started to reinstate a
replica. Chris Daniel, who had been curator of the sundial collection of the
National Maritime Museum at the time of the original installation and who is
now the President of BSS, was asked to design the replacement. This he has
undertaken without a fee. The dial was formally opened by BSS Patron, Sir
Mark Lennox Boyd on Wednesday 10.10.12 at 12:30pm. It represents a fitting
Diamond Jubilee dial in Greenwich Park. Some early notes about the
and further details of the ceremony can be found
here. An image of this
dial appears in the Wikipedia article about Sundials.
New Images and an article are now available of the
latest dial commission by
BSS President, Christopher Daniel MBE.
This is the Noon mark on the
Guildhall in Faversham, Kent which was declared 'open' by the Town's
Mayor in April 2013. We are now pleased to be able to present a
photogallery of the results of this commission and an
article about it. More details in the panel opposite (see: "The
Faversham Dial"), or go straight to our
Photogallery and/or to Chris's
Noon Mark article. To learn even more about this sort of dial
consider joining the
British Sundial Society. You will surely not regret it.
See the Christopher Daniel Sundial Collection as a
Just sit back and relax!
how sometimes you might not get a reply from the BSS
Trustees. Here, after two years and coming up to three, is one of
those. In the past the trustees have objected when their
professionalism has been questioned yet STILL there are examples of quite serious blunders which some might think of as being in
this category. The related issues with the permanence of the Library
and with the President's book collection mentioned above are probably two
of the longer lasting ones for members of the Society but the mistaken
financial transactions to a non-member is really quite serious, is
worrying to those of us who place trust in charities and of course it is
contrary to duty for any Trustee. No apology or even an
acknowledgement, has been received in respect of this letter - now nearly
three years later. More important is the secrecy with which this
is enveloped - like so many of the other issues with BSS. Yet again, the
membership of BSS have not so far been informed. Why ever not?
Odd thing 'professionalism'. Not much unlike 'Integrity'
really... There's more on the matter of BSS Integrity
Linking to the BSS
web site if you find you are being
'Forbidden' from doing so by BSS!
Direct hyperlinks to the BSS website
were at one time being blocked by BSS. That
stopped for a while when the new BSS web site opened but
from late 2015
some visitors to SunInfo reported that this was happening again.
You might well wonder why any
professional entity like BSS should want to make it hard for visitors like you to reach them.
The more so when the advisory 'error' messages you receive actually says in print what
they are doing!
All our visitors will know
very well that this web site is, and always has been, very supportive
of the concept and importance of a British Sundial Society;
although it has never had any truck with the many apparent blunders,
secrecy, cover-ups or obfuscations that some might have come to see as
emanating from the Society today.
The latest issue to
report is, we feel, another rather unprofessional and ineffective attempt by BSS to bar
linking from this SunInfo website (and not apparently from others) to pages of the BSS web
site. Clearly the concerns expressed by so many contributors on SunInfo
about BSS and its management must have real merit if BSS would rather you did not
So, what is happening? Who would ever want to block
visitors from a website if there's nothing odd going on and especially
when what is being said is true?
if you do find a BSS page 'Forbidden'
to you - without any reason
simply select the whole link, right click and select 'Open Link in New
Tab'. It's as easy as that!
Sometimes you might get:
"The owner of this
website (www.sundialsoc.org.uk) has banned your access based on your
browser's signature (24ddd725bccc3452-ua32). CloudFlare Ray ID:
24ddd725bccc3452 • Your IP: 22.214.171.124 • Performance & security by
In this case simply set your browser to Incognito and
go back in.
You can also go to our special links page ►BSS
links . Indeed, this new SunInfo links-page is
now in a limited way, a sort of 'One-Stop-Shop' for some key BSS pages; so you can use it from within SunInfo
to peruse as many of the provided pages of the BSS website as you like.
Give it a try and thank
you for staying with SunInfo. It is very much
Remember: SunInfo does not restrict linking to
any of its pages by any website and SunInfo reports
25/26.02.14, 05.03.14, 06.07.14,30.11.15, 23.12.16